Straight, McMahon-Hussein correspondance (1916)
The Great Game is a series of works composed of a number of card combinations illustrated by the faces of key political figures shaping the geopolitical landscape in the Middle East. Each reconstituted ‘hand of play’ corresponds to a diplomatic treaty establishing or modifying geographical borders. The plastic form of a poker hand chosen by the artist highlights the randomness of the process of fixing boundaries and the way in which they do not account for the lives of those located there. These eleven works cover two major themes of Dalloul’s artistic practice, play and power relations in geopolitics.
This work represents the correspondence between Colonel Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commissioner in Egypt and Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi, Arab leader, Emir of Mecca, during the First World War and at the beginning of the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916. These letter exchanges have had a decisive impact on Middle Eastern history as they mark the official promise by the British government of an independent Arab state. A state that will never see the light of day and will be superseded by the Sykes-Picot Agreements, which will divide the Middle East into two zones of influence through the establishment of administrative mandates; implicating the British in Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, and the French in present-day Syria and Lebanon. The formation of these contemporary states is the direct consequence of the failings of this correspondence. Sir Arthur McMahon, David George Hogarth, Thomas Edward Lawrence, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and Colonel Sir Mark Sykes are all depicted in this hand.